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EU Liability and International Economic Law

By: Armin Steinbach
Media of EU Liability and International Economic Law
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Published: 01-06-2017
Format: PDF eBook (?)
Edition: 1st
Extent: 216
ISBN: 9781509901609
Imprint: Hart Publishing
Series: Modern Studies in European Law
RRP: £27.00
Online price : £21.60
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About EU Liability and International Economic Law

The book provides both a legal and economic assessment of an increasingly important issue for the EU: the question of whether individuals can hold the European Union liable for damages they suffer due to its infringement of international economic law. However, liability regimes vary depending on the issue concerned. In international trade law the individual holds a weak position, being deprived of both legal remedies to seek annulment and damages. This is due to the constant refusal of the direct effect of WTO law. By contrast, international investment law has been designed in an 'individualistic' manner from the outset – states agree reciprocally to grant certain procedural and substantial individual rights, which they invoke to claim damages before international tribunals rather than domestic courts. The divergent role of the individual in the respective area of international economic law leads to a different set of research questions related to liability. In international trade law, the doctrinal exercise of de-coupling the notion of direct effect from liability is at the core of establishing liability. In international investment law, liability is connected to a number of issues emerging from the recent transfer of competence pertaining to investment issues from Member States to the EU and the nature of investment agreements as mixed agreements. Against this backdrop, exploring liability issues in the area of international economic law reveals a heterogeneous set of questions depending on the area of law concerned, thus offering different perspectives for studying liability issues.

Table Of Contents

Part One: EU Liability and Violations of WTO law
1. Analytical Preliminaries
2. The Lack of Direct Effect of DSB Rulings
3. Dispensability of Direct Effect for EU Liability
4. DSB Ruling and the Protection of Individual Rights
5. Identifiability of an Individual Right
6. Further Liability Requirements
7. Damage Claims and Fundamental Rights

Part Two: Economic Analysis of Liability for WTO Violations
8. Analytical Foundations
9. Compensation of Financial Losses and Over-deterrence
10. Liability Rule and Incentives

Part Three: EU Liability and Investment Treaties
11. Introduction
12. Responsibility of Union and Member States for Breaches of Mixed Investment Agreements
13. Internal Allocation of Financial Responsibility within the EU


“... this book amounts to a very important (and timely) contribution on a hot topic which is set to become even more relevant now that the EU has been given legislative competence on foreign investments, while at the same time international trade is set to sail some rougher seas ahead. Finally, it is recommended to the reader because it opens a window on German legal scholarship which is not always accessible to EU lawyers.” –  Roberto Caranta, Common Market Law Review

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