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Private International Law in Nigeria

By: Chukwuma Okoli, Richard Oppong
Media of Private International Law in Nigeria
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Published: 09-12-2021
Format: Paperback
Edition: 1st
Extent: 528
ISBN: 9781509945368
Imprint: Hart Publishing
Series: Studies in Private International Law
Dimensions: 234 x 156 mm
RRP: £54.99
Online price : £49.49
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About Private International Law in Nigeria

This book examines the rules, principles, and doctrines in Nigerian law for resolving cases involving cross-border issues. It is the first book-length treatise devoted to the full spectrum of private international law issues in Nigeria. As a result of increased international business transactions, trade, and investment with Nigeria, such cross-border issues are more prevalent than ever. The book provides an overview of the relevant body of Nigerian law, with comparative perspectives from other legal systems. Drawing on over five hundred Nigerian cases, relevant statutes, and academic commentaries, this book examines jurisdiction in interstate and international disputes, choice of law, the enforcement of foreign judgments and international arbitral awards, domestic remedies affecting foreign proceedings, and international judicial assistance in the service of legal processes and taking of evidence. Academics, researchers, and students, as well as judges, arbitrators, practitioners, and legislators alike will find Private International Law in Nigeria an instructive and practical guide.

Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Conceptual Issues in Choice of Law
I. Introduction
II. Characterisation
III. Substance and Procedure
IV. Renvoi
V. Conclusion
3. Foreign Law
I. Nature and Proof of Foreign Law
II. Nature of Foreign Law in Nigeria
III. What is Foreign Law in Nigeria?
IV. Proof of Foreign Law
V. Exclusion of Foreign Law
VI. Conclusion
4. Domicile
I. Introduction
II. What Does it Mean to be Domiciled in Nigeria?
III. Types of Domicile
IV. Proof of Domicile in Matrimonial Proceedings
V. Conclusion

5. Bases of Jurisdiction
I. Introduction
II. Jurisdiction in Actions in Personam
III. Choice of Venue, Location of Cause of Action and Territorial Jurisdiction
IV. Conclusion
6. Forum Selection Clauses, Forum Non Conveniens and Lis Alibi Pendens
I. Introduction
II. Forum Selection Clauses
III. Foreign Arbitration Clauses
IV. Forum Non Conveniens
V. Conclusion
7. Limitations on Jurisdiction
I. Introduction
II. Jurisdictional Immunities
III. Capacity to Sue
IV. Conclusion

8. Contract
I. Introduction
II. Party Autonomy
III. Modifying the Choice of Law
IV. Non-State Law
V. Law Applicable in the Absence of Choice
VI. Dépeçage
VII. Severability
VIII. Validity of a Choice of Law
IX. Mandatory Rules and Public Policy
X. Scope of the Chosen Law
XI. Conclusion
9. Torts
I. Introduction
II. Choice of Law Methodology: Comparative Analysis
III. Nigerian Case Law on Choice of Law in Torts
IV. Party Autonomy
V. Splitting the Applicable Law
VI. Mandatory Rules
VII. Public Policy
VIII. Scope of the Applicable Law
IX. Conclusion
10. Foreign Currency Obligations
I. Introduction
II. Judicial History of Power to Award Foreign Currency in Nigeria
III. The Legal Bases for Awarding Foreign Currency Judgments in Nigeria
IV. Foreign Currency Conversion
V. Effect of Change in Foreign Currency Status as Legal Tender
VI. Statutory Limitations on Awarding Foreign Currency Judgment
VII. Conclusion
11. Bills of Exchange
I. Introduction
II. Formal Validity
III. Interpretation
IV. Duties of the Holder
V. Rate of Exchange and Maturity
VI. A Call for Reforms

12. Marriage
I. Introduction
II. Nature of Marriage
III. Same-Sex Marriage, Same-Sex Unions and Other Same-Sex Relationships
IV. Conclusion
13. Matrimonial Causes
I. Introduction
II. International Actions
III. Inter-State Actions
IV. Conclusion
14. Children
I. Introduction
II. Maintenance and Custody
III. Legitimacy and Legitimation
IV. International Surrogacy Agreements
V. Nigeria and Private International Law Conventions Regarding Children
VI. Conclusion

15. Property
I. Introduction
II. Nature and Legal Situs of Property
III. Jurisdiction and Choice of Law
IV. Conclusion
16. Succession and Administration of Estates
I. Introduction
II. Choice of Law Issues
III. Jurisdiction Relating to Foreign Property
IV. Constitutional Law and Human Rights
V. Conclusion

17. The Common Law Regime for Enforcing Foreign Judgments
I. Introduction
II. What is a Foreign Judgment?
III. Nature and Theoretical basis of Enforcing Foreign Judgments
IV. Jurisdiction to Enforce Foreign Judgments
V. Conditions for Enforcing a Foreign Judgment
VI. Conclusiveness and Res Judicata Effect of Foreign Judgments
VII. Defences against the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments
VIII. Judgments in Foreign Currency
IX. Limitation of Actions
X. Conclusion
18. The Statutory Regimes for Enforcing Foreign Judgments
I. Introduction
II. Ascertaining the Applicable Statutory Regime
III. Shortcomings of the Statutory Regime and Suggested Reforms
IV. Registering Foreign Judgments under the 1922 Ordinance
V. Enforcement of Foreign Judgments under the 1960 Act
VI. Conclusion
19. Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards
I. Introduction
II. Common Law Regime
III. Statutory Regime
IV. Arbitration Awards in Foreign Currency
V. Limitation of Actions and Arbitration Awards
VI. Conclusion

20. Remedies Affecting Foreign Judicial and Arbitral Proceedings
I. Introduction
II. Anti-Suit Injunction
III. Anti-Arbitration Injunction
IV. Mareva or Freezing Injunction
V. Security for Costs in Support of Foreign Proceedings
VI. Conclusion
21. Service of Legal Process and Taking Evidence
I. Introduction
II. Service of Legal Process Out of Nigeria
III. Service of Foreign Legal Process in Nigeria
IV. Obtaining Evidence Abroad
V. Obtaining Evidence in Nigeria
VI. Conclusion


“The book is an excellent piece. For the first time, students and practitioners can have access to an avalanche of Nigerian PIL cases and they can measure the mood of Nigerian courts on important subject matters such as jurisdiction agreements.” –  Abubakri Yekini, AfronomicsLaw

“This book is without doubt, one of the most impactful legal textbooks in Nigeria in at least twenty five years. It is a refreshing addition to the legal libraries across Nigeria and beyond. Judges at all levels of courts in Nigeria, legal practitioners, arbitrators and lawmakers alike as well as law teachers, researchers and students, will find Private International Law in Nigeria a highly resourceful and practical guide that fills an intellectual void in a long neglected but increasingly critical field of law. It is a long overdue contribution to the field of private international law in particular, and to legal scholarship in Nigeria as a whole.” –  Orji Agwu Uka, AfronomicsLaw

Private International Law in Nigeria can rightly be described as a pioneering work … practitioners, academics, and students can now access a multitude of Nigerian cases as a point of reference more easily than ever before … It will be extremely useful for judicial officers, academics, law students, legal practitioners, cross-border litigants and anyone interested in a Nigerian perspective on cross-border issues.” –  Abubakri Yekini, Lagos State University, The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law

“This book is the first full length, systematic treatment of Nigerian private international law. Doing something for the first time makes the authors pioneers. In this case they have navigated the unknown terrain with great skill … I highly recommend this book to all lawyers and judges in Nigeria, to all legal academics working on private international law anywhere, to those responsible for international matters in the Nigerian Federal Government and those responsible for justice in all the States of the Nigerian Federation.” –  Paul Beaumont, Professor of Private International Law, University of Stirling (from the Series Editor's Preface)

“The book is an immense resource material on private international law, conflict of laws, for Judges, lawyers, law lecturers and law students in the Universities and a fantastic contribution to the legal jurisprudence and materials on the subject. I congratulate the authors for their foresight and resourcefulness in putting the work together. The book is a 'must have' for everyone involved in personal and business transactions that have inter-State and/or international elements.” –  Honourable Justice H A O Abiru, Justice of the Nigerian Court of Appeal (from the Foreword)

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