On the 27th of September 1968, the six EC Member States signed the Brussels Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. 50 years later, the European Court of Justice and the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg organised an international conference on the major developments, achievements and challenges of the European law of civil procedure. This book brings together contributions written by members of the Court of Justice of the European Union, established academics and young researchers reflecting on the Brussels Regime. It offers insights on the dialogue between the Court of Justice and national courts on the interpretation of the European law of civil procedure and how it shaped the Europeanisation of private international law. Beyond this assessment of the past, the book offers some reflections on the future architecture of the European law of civil procedure and the suitability of the Brussels regime to the challenges of the current era. This will be read with interest by academics, practitioners and policy-makers.