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Uniformity of Customs Administration in the European Union

By: Kathrin Limbach
Media of Uniformity of Customs Administration in the European Union
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Published: 19-11-2015
Format: Hardback
Edition: 1st
Extent: 376
ISBN: 9781782256724
Imprint: Hart Publishing
Series: Modern Studies in European Law
Dimensions: 234 x 156 mm
RRP: £70.00
Online price : £63.00
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About Uniformity of Customs Administration in the European Union

Uniform customs administration is of great importance for the EU and the competitiveness of EU businesses in global trade. However, the EU's so-called executive federalism raises the potential for the non-uniform application of EU customs law. This problem has already arisen in the European Communities – Selected Customs Matters WTO dispute settlement. Therefore, the central research question of this book concerns the challenge presented to executive federalism in the EU Customs Union by the WTO. It also examines those safeguard measures for uniform customs administration which are in operation. Valuable empirical analysis of the decision-making procedures and practices of the national customs authorities allows for the fullest understanding of the operation of the customs administration. An important feature of the exploration is its analysis of the reform of EU customs law and of the effectiveness of the European Union's strategies to enhance uniform customs administration. That analysis helps to identify potential weak points in the decentralised administration of EU customs law and suggests ways in which it might be improved. Scholarly, rigorous and timely, this important study will be required reading for all scholars of EU customs law.

Table Of Contents

Part I: Introduction
1. Uniform Customs Administration in the European Union
Part II: The EU Customs Union and the WTO
2. The EU Customs Union in the European Union's Legal System
I. EU Customs Law as a Pioneer for the Europeanisation of Administrative Law
II. History of the EU Customs Union
III. Current Legal Framework of the EU Customs Union
IV. The Need for a Reform of EU Customs Law to Enhance Uniform Customs Administration
V. Conclusion
3. Standards of WTO Law: Uniformity of the Administration of Law According to Article X:3(a) GATT 1994 and its Implications for EU Customs Law
I. Exigencies of Uniformity in Article X:3(a) GATT 1994
II. Relevance for the Administration of EU Customs Law
III. Conclusion
Part III: The Great Reform of EU Customs
4. Modernised Customs Code, Electronic Customs Initiative and the Future Customs Initiative
I. The Security Amendment- A Minor Reform
II. The Need for a Great Reform: The Changing Environment and New Role for EU Customs
III. Simplifying Legislation: The 'Better Regulation' Initiative
IV. The Electronic Customs Initiative
V. The Future Customs Initiative
VI. Conclusion
5. Recast of the Great Reform: The Union Customs Code and European IT Strategy
I. Legal Aspects
II. IT Aspects
III. Operational Aspects
IV. Conclusion
Part IV: Implementation of the European Union's Customs Law and Strategies for Enhancing Uniform Administration
6. The System of Decentralised Implementation in EU Customs Administration
I. Status Quo and Development Regarding an EU Customs Procedure Union
II. Status Quo and Development Regarding an EU Customs Administration Union
A. The Legal Possibility for Direct Implementation in EU Customs Administration
1. The Principle of Subsidiarity
2. Criteria for the Need of Uniform Implementing Conditions Pursuant to Article 291
Paragraph 2 TFEU
3. Conclusion
B. Special Provisions in EU Customs Law Regarding Administrative Organisation
1. Community Customs Code
2. Union Customs Code
C. Conclusion
7. Administrative Cooperation as a Strategy for Enhancing Uniform Customs Administration
I. Legal Basis for Customs Cooperation
II. Rules for Mutual Assistance of Administrative Bodies in EU Customs Law
III. Ad Hoc Cooperation in EU Customs Administration Practice
IV. Customs Action Programme
V. Conclusion
8. Role, Competences and Strategies of the European Commission
I. Legislative Functions and 'Quasi-Legislative' Functions
II. Administrative Functions
III. Assistance by the Customs Code Committee
IV. Conclusion
9. Summarising the Implementation System of EU Customs Law
Part V: Specific Areas of EU Customs
10. Special Tools and Mechanisms for 'Uniformisation' of EU Customs Law Implementation in Specific Areas of EU Customs
I. Classification
II. Valuation
III. Origin
IV. Conclusion
Part VI: Final Conclusion
11. Potential for Improving Uniform Customs Administration ................... 299


Thanks to her detailed, thorough and copious research, the author Kathrin Limbach painstakingly constructs a substantially supported and therefore convincing case for - as the title indicates - uniformity of customs administration in the EU...Practitioners and indeed anyone charged with the analyses or interpretation of EU Customs law will no doubt find this timely treatise extremely useful.
” –  Phillip Taylor MBE, Elizabeth Taylor,

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