Liz Heffernan, LLB (Dublin), LLM (Dalhousie), LLM & JSD (Chicago), MEd (Dublin), BL, admitted New York & US Federal Bar, is an Associate Professor and Fellow at Trinity College Dublin. She currently teaches and supervises student research in the areas of Evidence and Criminal Law. Her publications include: Heffernan, Evidence in Criminal Trials (2nd ed, Bloomsbury Professional, 2020); Heffernan, Legal Professional Privilege (Bloomsbury Professional, 2011); Heffernan, Ryan and Imwinkelried, Evidentiary Foundations: Irish Edition (Bloomsbury Professional, 2008); and Heffernan, Scientific Evidence: Fingerprints and DNA (Bloomsbury Professional, 2006).