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Regulation of Tax Avoidance

By: Hartley Foster
Media of Regulation of Tax Avoidance
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Published: 03-03-2022
Format: EPUB eBook (?)
Edition: 1st
Extent: 1200
ISBN: 9781526516299
Imprint: Bloomsbury Professional
RRP: £135.00
Online price : £121.50
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About Regulation of Tax Avoidance

This book explains the concept of "tax avoidance", and how it has been developed in legislation and case law, and provides practical guidance with regard to the application of the supply side measures (from DOTAS (Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes) to POTAS (Promoters of Tax Avoidance Schemes) that have been introduced particularly since 2000.

Tax avoidance is a concept that has been the subject of considerable scrutiny. It is also an area of tax law that is subject to regular change.

Tax practitioners are expected to understand the legislative and regulatory frameworks that apply, so as to recognise their obligations, and the obligations of their clients to behave responsibility. This book focuses on the ways in which tax avoidance has been combated in the UK.

The first part of the book looks primarily at the relevant legal developments, highlighting the relevant cases throughout. Part Two covers the supply side measures that have been introduced, from DOTAS onwards, including the penalty regime, with the aim of seeking to dissuade individuals and businesses from engaging in tax avoidance practices. The measures applying to both indirect and direct taxes are covered.

This is a complex and changing area of tax law and this title will help advisers to avoid falling foul of these regulations and ensure that their reputation as a provider of tax advice remains 'clean'.

Table Of Contents

PART ONE: What is tax avoidance?

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Tax Avoidance
What is tax avoidance?
Analysis of the concepts of (a) "tax evasion" and "sham transactions"; (b) "tax avoidance"; and (c) "tax mitigation"
Measuring the "tax gap"

Chapter 3: the domestic jurisprudence; 50 years from Rossminster to Rangers
1970s: respect for legal facts created by the parties (IRC v Duke of Westminster)
1980s: composite transactions
- Ramsay
- Extending Ramsay: Furniss v Dawson
- Limits on Ramsay (Craven v White)
1990s:
- Emergence of a purposive approach (McGuickian)

2000s:
- Distinction between "commercial" v "legal" concepts (MacNiven v Westmoreland)
- Purposive construction or a judicial anti-avoidance rule?
- Development and refinement of the purposive approach (and the end of Ramsay as a special theory?) (BMBF)

2010s:
- construe purposively the statutory provisions and the relevant facts viewed realistically (Icebreaker, Rangers)

2020s

Can taxpayers rely on a purposive interpretation of statute? (Whittles v Uniholdings, Trigg)

Chapter 4: the EU approach
Doctrine of abuse of rights (Emsland-Starke, Centros)
Developments in VAT (Halifax)
Approach in direct tax
o Wholly artificial arrangements (ICI v Colmer)
o (Cadbury Schweppes)
Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive

Chapter 5: Methods of legislative control
Retrospective legislation
TAARs
Transactions in securities (ss.682 to 686, ITA 2007)
Diverted Profits Tax
GAAR
The Loan Charge
Penalties
Publicity and morality

PART 2 From DOTAS to POTAS looks at the supply side measures that have been introduced, particularly since 2000.

Chapter 6: Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes
Direct taxes
National Insurance Contributions
VAT
Key concepts, including "tax advantage", "promoter" and "hallmarks"
Penalties
Information powers
EU's DAC 6 Directive

Chapter 7: The Regulatory Codes
Banking Code of Conduct
PCRT
Solicitors Code of Conduct

Chapter 8: APNs

Chapter 9: Follower Notices

Chapter 10: POTAS

Chapter 11: Serial Tax Avoiders

Chapter 12: Appeals and Judicial Review

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